Surface water hydrology

Surface-water hydrology is a field that encompasses all surface waters of the globe (overland flows, rivers, lakes, wetlands, estuaries, oceans, etc.). This is a subset of the hydrologic cycle that does not include atmospheric, and ground waters.

Surface-water hydrology relates the dynamics of flow in surface-water systems (rivers, canals, streams, lakes, ponds, wetlands, marshes, arroyos, oceans, etc.).

This includes:

  • the field measurement of flow (discharge);
  • the statistical variability at each setting;
  • floods;
  • drought susceptibility and the development of the levels of risk; and
  • the fluid mechanics of surface waters.

In-depth analysis of surface-water components of the hydrologic cycle:

  • hydrometeorology;
  • evaporation/transpiration;
  • rainfall-runoff relationships;
  • open-channel flow;
  • flood hydrology;
  • fluid mechanics; and
  • statistical and probabilistic methods in hydrology.

Surface-water hydrology includes the relation between rainfall and surface runoff; this relationship is an important aspect of water resources for sewerage (wastewater or sewage), drinking water, agriculture (irrigation) environmental protection, and for flood control.

We specialize in the following aspects:

  • River flood peak and associated flood line determination;
  • Surface water resources evaluation;
  • Water allocation and sharing; and
  • Storm water system analysis and design.
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